How do you deal with generating, using and storing energy/electricity? How do you deal with peak and dip demand?
SolaRoad is an example of decentralized energy generation (in contrast to central generation in large power stations). We will develop ICT solutions to optimally distribute the energy from SolaRoad amongst applications, for example along the road (lighting, charging of electric bicycles) or to the energy grid. ICT systems help to smartly switch between roadside applications. The difference between the moment of generation and use is not unique for SolaRoad, but it plays a role with all forms of solar and wind energy. SolaRoad can therefore make use of techniques that already exist or that are being developed in parallel.
What happens when there is a traffic jam on SolaRoad?
Traffic jams mean a heavier traffic load and lots of shade on the underlying road surface. The traffic load is not a problem. The shadows during a traffic jam will cause the energy yield to hold up locally for a short amount of time. However, for most of the roads the amount of time that traffic jams occur is so short that we do not expect significant yield losses. On road sections where a lot of traffic jams occur, application of SolaRoad paving is less suitable. The exact influence of shading by road users is part of the pilot study.